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E31.2 E32.2

Direct Shear Test MachineAutomatic Direct / Residual Shear Test Apparatus

UTS-2060

The test covers the determination of consolidated drained shear strength of a soil or sand material in direct shear. The Automatic Direct / Residual Shear Test Machine is supplied complete with load hanger, carriage assembly and an integral 9:1, 10:1 and 11:1 lever loading device. The apparatus is also motorized and floor mounted.  The beam loading device, which is used to strengthen the vertical load on the shear box assembly, can hold up to 50 kg of weight. The total load on the specimen can reach up to 5 kN.

The machine is compatible with a range of square and round shear box assemblies. All shear box assemblies are designed to contain water that surrounds the specimen. The Assemblies consist of a shear box with a rigid wall square or round hole complete with a vertical loading pad grooved back face, a grooved retaining plate, 2 pcs. porous plates, 2 pcs. plane grids and 2 pcs. perforated grids.

The direct shear test apparatus is controlled by a high-resolution servomotor and gear box assembly. Speed range is fully stepless variable over the range 0.00001 to 9.99999 mm/min for both direction (forward and reverse). After test the reverse speed is 10 mm/min.). a 5 kN load cell is used for load measurement, 10 x 0.001 mm and 25 x 0.001 mm sensitivity linear potentiometric transducers are used for vertical and horizontal displacement measurements respectively. Displacement limits are controlled by limit switch.

The required Shear Box Assembly, Slotted Weight Set and other optional accessories including specimens cutter and extrusion dolly should be ordered separately

Both the maximum and resilient shear stress can be calculated by the Software. After three runs, the software is able to use the best straight line to calculate the cohesion value "c" and the shear resistance angle "φ".

Main Features

Consolidation

  • 25 pairs of time-vertical displacement values are written to memory.
  • The memory is configured as saving a maximum of 1000 tests.
  • The vertical displacement value can be tared prior to recording.
  • The analogical channel reading vertical displacement has 260000 points effective resolution.
  • The memory can be exported to PC software.

Shear

  • User can select 3 different test types:
    • The machine run with the speed determined by user to the direction of shear and stop when the load decreases.
    • The machine run with the speed determined by user to the direction of shear and stop when it reach the horizontal displacement value which is also determined by the user at the beginning of the test.
    • The machine run with the speed determined by user to the direction of shear and returns to opposite direction with the same speed when it reach the horizontal displacement value and then stop when it reach the home position. The horizontal displacement value is determined by the user at the beginning of the test. This mode can be cycled to determine residiual shear
  • Can make tests with displacement and load control
  • 60x60 shear boxThe screen continuously shows load, shear stress and horizontal displacement
  • CPU card with 32-bit ARM RISC architecture
  • Permanent storage capacity up to 10000 test results
  • 3 analogue channels for load cell, vertical displacement and horizontal displacement transducer (one for each)
  • 1/256000 points resolution per channel
  • 10 data per second sample rate for each channel
  • Ethernet connecting for computer interface
  • 800x480 resolution 65535 colour TFT-LCD industrial touchscreen
  • 4 main function keys
  • Multi-language support
  • 3 different unit system selection; kN, Ton and lb
  • Real-time clock and date
  • Test result visualization and memory management interface
  • Remote connection through ethernet
  • USB flash disc for importing test results and for firmware
  • USB printer support for inkjet and laser printers (ask for compatible models)
  • Camera support for real-time video recording during test (ask for compatible models)
  • Free of charge PC software for the test control and advanced report generation

Test Method

Shear boxes are split mid-way and can move applying a shear stress. A loading is also applied directly to the sample.

-As per AS1289.6.2.2 section 5, the sample is prepared in the shear box assembly.
-To allow pore pressures to equalise during testing, the rate of shearing must be placed on a low level.
-Shear displacement, vertical displacement and shear force are logged while testing
-For cohesive solids testing is continued until after the peak shear force is reached. For other materials test until ultimate shear strength or the limit of travel of the shear box.
-Testing should be performed on two other samples with different direct loads.

Shear Box Assemblies

Shear Box Assembly partsA range of shear box assemblies are available as sets or individual components. Dedicated Specimen cutters and extrusion dollies are available for sample preparation. 

 Shear Box Assembly   UTS-2065  UTS-2066  UTS-2067  UTS-2068  UTS-2069
 Cross Sectional Area  60 x 60 mm  Ø 60 mm  100 x 100 mm  Ø 100 mm  Ø 2.5 inch
 Shear Box  UTS-2065/01  UTS-2066/01  UTS-2067/01  UTS-2068/01  UTS-2069/01
 Loading Plate  UTS-2065/02  UTS-2066/02   UTS-2067/02  UTS-2068/02  UTS-2069/02
 Retaining Grid  UTS-2065/03  UTS-2066/03  UTS-2067/03  UTS-2068/03  UTS-2069/03
 Porous Grid   UTS-2065/04  UTS-2066/04  UTS-2067/04  UTS-2068/04  UTS-2069/04
 Plane Grid  UTS-2065/05  UTS-2066/05  UTS-2067/05  UTS-2068/05  UTS-2069/05
 Perforated Grid  UTS-2065/06  UTS-2066/06  UTS-2067/06  UTS-2068/06  UTS-2069/06
 Optional Accessories
 Specimen Cutter   UTS-2065/07  UTS-2066/07  UTS-2067/07  UTS-2068/07  UTS-2069/07
 Extrusion Dolly  UTS-2065/08  UTS-2066/08  UTS-2067/08  UTS-2068/08  UTS-2069/08

Data Acquisition & PC Software

The Utest Direct and Residual shear software is developed to standard to use with UTS-2060 Machine. Direct residual and shear software comprises of two sections. The first section is used for the consolidation of the sample prior to shear and the second section is used during shearing.

5 different normal load values are supported by the software, in order to calculate cohesion values. Prior to the test, the normal load value must be entered to the software. The normal stress value will be calculated automatically, as a result of the normal load and sample size.

The software supports both square type and round type samples. For both samples the area may be calculated directly, or by using the net area caused by horizontal displacement. It is important to use the net area method for critical samples on academic literature. Once the test is finished, the max and resilient stress values will be recorded. The normal load versus max stress pair is used for calculating the cohesion value and angle. This property requires at least 3 test samples with different normal loads. The user can set the test speed, axis values etc. via the setup of the software.

Direct-Shear-Software

The results can be submitted as a report or can be exported to Microsoft Excel for advanced re-analyse procedures.

Standards

  • AS1289.6.2.2
  • ASTM D3080
  • BS 1377:7
  • AASHTO T236
  • CEN-ISO/TS 17892-10

Additional Information

Direct Shear Brochure

VIC:

Melbourne

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t (03) 9938 3830

f (03) 9938 3899

m 0428 315 502

NSW:

Sydney

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t (02) 9986 1857

m 0418 381 709

QLD:

Brisbane

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t (07) 3040 6166

m 0419 477 715

 

WA:

Perth (Head Office)

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t (08) 9322 4020

m 0408 034 668

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