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E31.2 E32.2

Foundation Test Gauge

FTGThe Foundation Test Gauge (FTG1) is a new compact pile and shaft inspection tool utilizing the Sonic Echo test method, otherwise known as the Pile Integrity Test (PIT).

Sonic Echo (SE) investigations are performed to evaluate to integrity and determine the length of deep foundations. The test can also be performed on shallow wall structures.

The SE test can be performed on concrete, wooden and steel piles.

*Please note Tablet is not included

Applications

The applications for Sonic Echo tests are varied:

  • Structural investigations where foundation depth is unknown
  • Assessing the condition of foundations
  • Investigation of damage to foundations
  • Investigation of bulbs in foundations
  • Inclusion of soil or water in cast piles
  • Uncured or week concrete in cast piles

How it Works

In a test with the FTG1, the foundation top is struck by a hammer and the response of the foundation is monitored by an accelerometer.

A windows portable or tablet computer is used to collect the accelerometer output for interpretation.

Sample of testing locationsSonic Echo

The Sonic Echo data is used to determine the depth of the foundation based on the time of arrival of the impact signal and an echo signal returning from the pile base.

A reflector can be the bottom of the foundation or any discontinuity along the embedded part of the foundation, this enable SE to be used for defect location.

In the SE data overleaf reflections in the data are used to calculate the depth of the first pile and the depth of the break in the second. Finally SE testing can be used to determine the existence of a bulb, a neck, or the bedding of the pile base.

Sample Sonic Echo Data

Sonice Echo data for an undamaged pile


Sonic Echo data for undamaged pile

Sonic Echo data from pile with a shallow break

Sonic Echo Data for pile with damage close to surface

Effectiveness

The SE method works best for columnar foundations such as piles and drilled shafts. Reflection events are clearest if there is nothing on top of the foundations (such as a column or pile cap)

Typically, SE tests are performed on shafts or piles of length to diameter ratio no more than 20:1.Higher ratios (30:1 or greater) are possible in softer soils.

Where a simple element such as a slab or footing rests on the pile, the thickness of the element must not exceed 1.7 times the diameter of the pile for the SE analysis to be interpretable.

Accuracy

SE/IR tests are accurate to within 5% in the determination of the depth of the foundation provided an independent measurement of the sonic wave velocity used in the depth calculation is made. This may be done using an Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity measurement.

In case the wave velocity is assumed based on the material type, SE/IR tests are normally accurate to within about 10%.

FTG1 Software PackageEquipment as Supplied

  • Accelerometer
  • Accelerometer Cables and Receiver
  • Non-Instrumented hammer and impact tips
  • FTG1 Software for data collection and analysis

 

VIC:

Melbourne

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t (03) 9938 3830

f (03) 9938 3899

m 0428 315 502

NSW:

Sydney

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t (02) 9986 1857

m 0418 381 709

QLD:

Brisbane

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t (07) 3040 6166

m 0419 477 715

 

WA:

Perth (Head Office)

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t (08) 9322 4020

m 0408 034 668

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